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Bibliometrics, Planning, and Shooting for the Stars

Jill Konieczko

Jill Konieczko

Jill Konieczko, Deputy Director, NASA Goddard Library, and Library Services Division Director, Zimmerman Associates, Inc., provides library services under contract to the NASA Goddard Library. NASA Goddard has about 10,000 employees doing research and concentrating on earth science, astrophysics, and planetary science. Its library is the 2016 FEDLINK Large Library of the Year. Here are some statistics on the library:

Goddard Library

Strategic planning in 2018: Information Services wanted to build on its success with ad hoc research requests such as identification of researchers’ publications, etc. and decided to develop a bibliometric service. Several staff were interested in bibliometrics and had attended training sessions, so logs of past requests were used to identify users who would be interested, and a business proposal was developed. An ORCID registration drive was conducted, and two “How to Get Published” workshops were offered. Marketing was done by items in a daily e-mail newsletter, flyers in buildings, and marquee signs.

Library staff members educated themselves through MOOCs, webinars, continuing education sessions at conferences, and self-paced learning.

Tools:

  • Excel was used for data cleaning;
  • OpenRefine makes data pretty;
  • Venngage generates infographics and promotional materials.
  • VOSviewer open source software that is used for constructing and visualizing bibliometric networks.
  • Sci2 can clean, analyze data, and visualize a variety of data formats.
  • Gephi is OSS software for network visualization and analysis.
  • Tableau is flexible in sources it can accept and visualize data and create dashboards.

The Maryland SLA chapter’s site is very useful for background information.

Their first request for a bibliometric project was to identify 30 people under consideration to be appointed AGU Fellows.

Project request

They were surprised at how much time it took to clean up the data. Then they ran the analysis and prepared for the launch of the program. Unfortunately the project could not be launched  because their government contract didn’t include approval for the program.

Lessons learned

Recovery

Put knowledge to work

Search 8.0: Vocal, Graphical, and the Rise of AI

Greg Notess

Greg Notess

Greg Notess, Faculty and Graduate Student Librarian, Montana State University (now retired) and Author, Search Engine Showdown, discussed the changing nature of search. We are seeing a change in how we start and run searches. We used to have text frequency; now we have our devices with us all the time, and they are tracking where we are and what we are looking for. With the rise of graphical and audio abilities, we can search in very different ways.

Audio input

Image searching: We have had image capabilities for a long time, and now we can start a search by talking to our device or looking for images.  A lot of searching is for shopping; Tin Eye is a reverse image search system to find images on line.  Image matching allows one to use an image and find other places where it has been used. Google Photos is for small devices, and Google Assistant is available in many places. AR and AI are being incorporated into image matching capabilities. Google Lens can extract text from image and use it to run a search (for example, extract an email address from a business card and add it to your contacts or choose something from an image to shop for).

Voice searching:

Smart speaker usage

Smart speakers (Alexa, Echo, etc.) will have a large effect. Apple’s HomePod claims to have better sound. Baidu (the Chinese search system) has several advanced capabilities. Using the popIn Aladdin, in the library world, you can read a book. 

AR, AI, and the Future: AI is everywhere in search.AI everywhereGoogle knows where you are from your phone and can then give you results from a search. AR allows viewing of products in context,

Viewing in context

library impacts

The usability varies: see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YvT_gqs5ETk.

It’s All About Story

Susan Considine and Ben Bizzle

Susan Considine and Ben Bizzle

Ben Bizzle, CEO, LibraryMarket, said he is scared to read to people in public. But he has a script and read part of a story which will  appear in a chapter of a book, It’s All About the Story, that he and Susan Considine are co-authoring. The story is about a homeless man who came to the library every day and shared his life story: what it was like growing up, adulthood, how he became homeless, then acquired a deep love of reading, and how the library has impacted him. It allowed him to maintain his dignity and know his value as a human being. Libraries do change lives, and they saved his.

Sue Considine, Former Executive Director, Fayetteville (NY) Public Library (FPL), asked the audience to think about their stories of how information made a meaningful difference in their lives. Libraries are the one place in the community where are everyone is equal and supported. They level the playing field and provide a place of belonging, providing acceptance in the community. Many libraries now have makerspaces, and the power of making is social. Even though there are many disadvantages, we persist and stay in the profession. For example, when FPL put out a call for sewers, they were overwhelmed with volunteers who taught others to sew. By learning to sew, some of the participants’ lives were transformed. For example, one senior citizen spent most of her time sewing alone in her kitchen. When she came to FPL and joined the sewing group, she found new friends and became an active member of the community.

Many people on the fringes of the community use the library as a place to interact with other people.  The change in their lives can be amazing.

Digitizing and Archiving

Susie Kopecky

Susie Kopecky

Susie Kopecky, Librarian at Allan Hancock College (AHC, the only California community college named for an individual) in Santa Maria, CA, described how a family’s archive was processed at AHC. The library at the college is the location of the Hancock Family Estate Archives (HFEA) containing materials relating to the life of Captain G. Allan Hancock (1875-1965), founder of AHC.

Who was George Alan Hancock

When Hancock’s wife died, his materials were distributed to various organizations, including AHC. The library’s collection is small and includes:

Library collection

Previous librarians had prepared the items for data entry and separated them into 3 classes:

Classifying

Some materials had suffered significant water damage and raised questions about long-term preservation. Metadata was created manually and entered into an MS Access database. Leaders on the project included former librarians, and retired volunteers.

Workflow

Workflow

The library got scanning equipment in 2014 and has begun digitizing the collection. They spent $6,000 for equipment. Challenges:

Challenges

Next steps and issues?

  • Hosting: Airtable
  • How to set up the data to be freely accessible: ArchiveSpace?
  • Scanning and time
  • Safety: hazards of old nitrate films
  • Funding and getting grants
  • Collaboration